Carbon dating biblical artifacts
While this date is far more recent than those assigned by many earlier Egyptologists, it is still too far back in time to reflect biblical history.
The dates assigned to these ancient times depend heavily on the many assumptions used to infer them.
“It ends up in crates in storage, but a lot of that is gold dust for radiocarbon dating.” Dee’s team chose bits of hair and bone as well as plant-based materials like seeds from granaries, reeds from baskets,8 and linen.
These samples had been assigned dates based on the usual pottery-based archaeological methods and comparison with other excavated layers (aka horizontal stratigraphy).
No result for the Pre-Dynastic periods older than 6500 BC or more recent than 2000 BC was included.
Ignoring Egypt’s unifier Menes (aka Narmer, possibly), Aha—the first “official” pharaoh—acceded to the throne, the investigators concluded, around 3100 BC.
The fragmentary dynastic records recorded on the Palermo Stone, combined with other data, are used in an effort to zoom in on the actual dates of Egypt’s founding as a nation.
As we will discuss below, however, this date is still too early to be compatible with biblical history.Much progress revising Egyptian chronology has come from comparisons with other ancient cultures.The new study brings radiocarbon dating to the table.“Trying to understand what happened in human history to lead people to establish this sort of polity we felt was a gap in understanding that needed to be filled.”1 Before the mid-twentieth century, Egyptologists came up with dates for Egyptian unification ranging from 5500 BC to 2000 BC.Since then, the average date assigned has been around 3100 BC.2 Dee’s study fits with this trend.