North canterbury dating
A staircase and parts of the North Wall – in the area of the North West transept also called the Martyrdom – remain from that building.
Canterbury’s role as one of the world’s most important pilgrimage centres in Europe is inextricably linked to the murder of its most famous Archbishop, Thomas Becket, in 1170.
In the early 19th Century, the North West tower was found to be dangerous, and, although it dated from Lanfranc’s time, it was demolished in the early 1830s and replaced by a copy of the South West tower, thus giving a symmetrical appearance to the west end of the Cathedral.
During the Second World War, the Precincts were heavily damaged by enemy action and the Cathedral’s Library was destroyed.
More about Becket and the events planned for 2020 here The work of the Cathedral as a monastery came to an end in 1540, when the monastery was closed on the orders of King Henry VIII.
Its role as a place of prayer continued – as it does to this day.
When, after a long lasting dispute, King Henry II is said to have exclaimed “Who will rid me of this turbulent priest?
2020 marks an important dual anniversary for the extraordinary figure of Thomas Becket.
During the 10th century, it became a formal community of Benedictine monks, which continued until the monastery was dissolved by King Henry VIII in 1540.
Augustine’s original building lies beneath the floor of the Nave – it was extensively rebuilt and enlarged by the Saxons, and the Cathedral was rebuilt completely by the Normans in 1070 following a major fire.
This building had been a place of worship during the Roman occupation of Britain and is the oldest church in England still in use.
Augustine had been consecrated a bishop in France and was later made an archbishop by the Pope.