Radiometric dating paper

These long time periods are computed by measuring the ratio of daughter to parent substance in a rock and inferring an age based on this ratio.This age is computed under the assumption that the parent substance (say, uranium) gradually decays to the daughter substance (say, lead), so the higher the ratio of lead to uranium, the older the rock must be.The general idea is that many different minerals are formed, which differ from one another in composition, even though they come from the same magma.

Most people are not aware of the many processes that take place in lava before it erupts and as it solidifies, processes that can have a tremendous influence on daughter to parent ratios.The following quote from The Earth: An Introduction to Physical Geology by Tarbuck & Lutgens, pp.55-57, (1987), gives us an idea of the tremendous complexity of the processes that occur when magma solidifies.This left branch is called a discontinuous reaction series because each mineral has a different crystalline structure.Recall that olivine is composed of a single tetrahedra and that the other minerals in this sequence are composed of single chains, double chains, and sheet structures, respectively.

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